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Thursday, June 8, 2023

The History of Pedicures and Manicures: From Ancient Egypt to Modern Day

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Pedicures and manicures are two of the most popular beauty treatments in the world. However, the history of these treatments goes back thousands of years. In this article, we will explore the fascinating history of pedicures and manicures, from ancient Egypt to modern day.

Ancient Egypt

The first evidence of nail care dates back to ancient Egypt, where both men and women would decorate their nails with intricate designs. Nail care was a symbol of status and wealth, with the color and length of one’s nails indicating their social class. The ancient Egyptians would use a mixture of beeswax, egg whites, and natural dyes to color their nails.


In China, nail care dates back to around 3000 BC. The Chinese would stain their nails with a mixture of gum arabic, gelatin, beeswax, and egg whites. The color of the nail polish was usually red or black, and it was a symbol of social class, with only the wealthy able to afford such a luxury.

Greece and Rome

In ancient Greece and Rome, nail care was also popular. The Greeks would use a mixture of olive oil, rosewater, and vinegar to strengthen and whiten their nails, while the Romans would use pumice stone to exfoliate their hands and feet. Pedicures and manicures were a symbol of good health and hygiene, and they were considered an important part of one’s grooming routine.

Middle Ages

During the Middle Ages, nail care was not as popular as it had been in ancient times. The Christian church believed that nail care was a sign of vanity and excess, and so it was discouraged. However, in some cultures, such as India and Persia, nail care continued to be popular.

18th and 19th Century

In the 18th and 19th centuries, nail care became more popular once again. In Europe, women would use nail polish made from carmine, a natural pigment made from crushed insects. The color of nail polish was an indication of one’s social class, with bright colors reserved for the wealthy. During this time, pedicures and manicures were also seen as a way to relax and unwind, and they were often done in luxurious spas.

20th Century

In the 20th century, nail care became more accessible to the general public. In 1927, the first nail salon opened in Paris, and by the 1950s, nail salons had become popular in the United States as well. The introduction of acrylic nails in the 1970s and 1980s made it possible to have long, beautiful nails without having to wait for them to grow naturally.

Modern Day

Today, pedicures and manicures are more popular than ever. There are thousands of nail salons around the world, and nail care products are available in every drugstore and beauty supply store. In addition to traditional nail polish, there are now gel polishes that can last for weeks without chipping, and dip powders that are easier to apply than traditional acrylic nails.

The Benefits of Pedicures and Manicures

Aside from their historical significance, pedicures and manicures also offer numerous benefits for our health and wellbeing. Here are just a few of the many benefits:

  1. Improved circulation: The massage that is typically included in a pedicure or manicure can help to improve blood flow and reduce swelling in the hands and feet.
  2. Stress relief: The act of getting a pedicure or manicure can be very relaxing, which can help to reduce stress and anxiety.
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