Lockpicking is the art of opening a lock without the use of a key. It can be used in a variety of situations, from emergency lockout services to safecracking. While lockpicking is often associated with criminals, it is also a valuable skill for locksmiths, security professionals, and curious individuals. Here is a beginner’s guide to the different methods of lockpicking:
- Raking: Raking is a method of lockpicking that involves inserting a rake pick into the lock and moving it back and forth in a rapid motion. This mimics the motion of a key and can cause the pins in the lock to set, allowing the lock to be opened. Raking is a fast and simple method that is often used in emergency lockout situations.
- Single Pin Picking (SPP): Single pin picking is a more advanced method of lockpicking that involves manipulating each pin in the lock individually. This is done by using a pick to lift each pin to the shear line, one at a time. This method requires a great deal of patience and skill, but it is also considered to be one of the most reliable and effective ways of opening a lock.
- Tension Wrench: A tension wrench is a tool that is used in conjunction with a pick to apply torque to the lock. This allows the lock to be rotated, even if the pins are not set. Tension wrenches come in various shapes and sizes, and are commonly used in combination with the other lock picking methods.
- Bump Keys: A bump key is a modified key that can be used to open locks that use a pin tumbler mechanism. Bump keys are made by filing down the teeth of a standard key, which allows them to be inserted into a lock and used to push the pins out of the way. This method is relatively simple to use, but it can also be quite loud and should only be used in emergency situations.
- Impressioning: Impressioning is a lock picking method that involves creating a duplicate key for a lock by repeatedly inserting a blank key into the lock and using a hammer and file to create an impression of the lock’s inner workings. This is a difficult method that requires a great deal of skill and patience.
- Electric Pick Guns: Electric pick guns are tools that use a small motor to rapidly move a pick in and out of a lock, simulating the action of a key. These devices are powerful and fast, but also loud, and should only be used in emergency situations.
In conclusion, lockpicking is an art that requires skill and patience. The most common methods of lockpicking include raking, single pin picking, tension wrench, bump keys, impressioning, and electric pick guns. It’s important to note that lockpicking should only be performed legally and ethically, by locksmiths and security professionals, or by individuals with express permission to access the locked property. It is illegal in some jurisdictions and should be avoided. It is important to learn the techniques and methods under the guidance of a professional, who can teach you the correct and legal way of doing it.